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What is XAMPP?4 min read

by TechABU
What is XAMPP


XAMPP is a popular cross-platform web server that allows programmers to write and test their code on a local web server. It was created by Apache Friends, and the audience can contribute or modify its native source code.

It includes Apache HTTP Server, MariaDB, and interpreters for PHP and Perl, among other computer languages. It’s available in 11 languages and runs on various platforms, including Windows’ IA-32 package, Mac OS X’s x64 package, and Linux’s x64 package.

What is XAMPP?

XAMPP is an acronym that stands for Cross-Platform, Apache, MySQL, PHP, and Perl, with the Ps standing for PHP and Perl, respectively. It’s an open-source web-solutions package that contains Apache distribution for a variety of servers and command-line executables, as well as Apache server, MariaDB, PHP, and Perl modules.

XAMPP Control Panel

Before publishing a website or client to the main server, XAMPP allows a local host or server to test it on PCs and laptops. It is a platform that provides an appropriate environment for testing and verifying the functionality of projects based on Apache, Perl, MySQL, and PHP using the host’s system. Perl is a web development programming language, PHP is a backend scripting language, and MariaDB is MySQL’s most widely used database.

Components of XAMPP

As previously said, XAMPP is utilized to represent the classification of solutions for various technologies. It provides a platform for testing applications using multiple technologies via a personal server. Each of the key components of XAMPP is represented by an abbreviated form of each alphabet.

A web server named Apache, a database management system called MariaDB, and scripting/programming languages like PHP and Perl are all included in this collection of software. The letter X stands for cross-platform, which indicates it can run on various operating systems like Windows, Linux, and macOS.

Many more components are included in this software package and are discussed below.

  • Cross-Platform: Different operating systems are installed in different configurations on different local systems. The cross-platform component has been included to improve the functionality and reach of this Apache distributions package. It works with various systems, including Windows, Linus, and MAC OS packages.
  • Apache: It’s a cross-platform HTTP web server, and it transmits content online across the world. Under the aegis of the Apache Software Foundation, the server application has been provided free for installation and utilization by the developer community. Apache’s remote server sends the requested files and images.
  • MariaDB Database: XAMPP used to include the MySQL database management system (DBMS). MySQL is a relational database management system that uses the internet to deliver data storage, manipulation, retrieval, management, and deletion services.
  • PHP: It is mainly used for web development as a backend scripting language. Users can use PHP to build dynamic websites and apps. It was written in the C programming language. Hypertext Processor (PHP) is an abbreviation for PHP. It is said to be influenced by Personal Home Page Tools, which explains its ease of use and functionality.
  • Perl: It’s a combination of Perl 5 and Perl 6, two high-level dynamic programming languages. Perl can be used to solve challenges in the areas of system management, web development, and networking. Perl enables programmers to create dynamic web applications. It’s extremely adaptable and durable.
  • phpMyAdmin: It’s software for working with MariaDB. XAMPP is presently using version 4.0.4 of it. Its primary function is DBMS administration.
  • OpenSSL: It’s an open-source implementation of the Secure Sockets Layer and Transport Layer Protocols. XAMPP is currently using version 0.9.8.
  • XAMPP Control Panel: It is a panel that assists in operating and controlling other XAMPP components. The most current update is version 3.2.1. 
  • Webalizer: It’s a Web Analytics software solution that keeps track of user activity and reports on it.
  • Mercury: It’s a mail transmission system, with the most recent version being 4.62. It is a mail server that helps manage emails across the web.
  • Tomcat: XAMPP is currently running on version 7.0.42. It’s a JAVA-based servlet that provides JAVA functionality.
  • Filezilla: It is a File Transfer Protocol Server that facilitates and supports file transfer operations. Its most recent version is 0.9.41.

XAMPP Format Support

Three file formats are supported by XAMPP:

  1. .EXE: Because an executable file can run on a computer like any other software, it is an extension used to signify executable files, making them easier to install.
  2. .7z – 7zip file: This extension is used to identify compressed files that utilize a variety of data compression and encryption technologies. A formalist prefers it, despite the fact that it necessitates working with more complicated files.
  3. .ZIP: Lossless file compression is supported by this extension. Multiple compressed files can be found in a ZIP file. The Deflate algorithm is mainly used for file compression in this format. ZIP files are more difficult to set up.

As a result, the .EXE format is the easiest to install, whereas the other two formats are quite tricky to set up.

Applications of XAMPP:

  • The inventors of XAMPP intended it to be used as a development tool, allowing web designers and developers to test their work without the need for an Internet connection on their personal PCs. To keep things as easy as possible, many essential security features are turned off by default. The web pages on the Internet are served via XAMPP.
  • It can also be used to create and manage MariaDB and SQLite databases.
  • An FTP client can connect to a local host and handle it as if it were a remote host after XAMPP is installed. Using a program like FileZilla to install a content management system like Joomla or WordPress. You can also connect to a local server through FTP using an HTML editor.

Advantages and Disadvantages of XAMPP:

The following are the advantages and disadvantages of XAMPP:


  • It is easy to set up compared to other web servers such as WAMP.
  • It’s Multi Cross-Platform, meaning it’ll run on Windows and Linux.
  • You can start and terminate the full web server and database stack with a single command.
  • XAMPP is available in both full and standard versions.
  • It features a control panel with start and stops buttons for specific processes, such as Apache, run through its Control Panel.
  • OpenSSL, phpMyAdmin, MediaWiki, Joomla, WordPress, and several more modules are also included.


  • Configuration and setup are more complex than with the WAMP server.


Cross-Platform, Apache, MySQL, PHP, and Perl are abbreviated as XAMPP. XAMPP is a cross-platform web server that is free and open-source. XAMPP is a local host or server used to test clients or websites before publishing them to a global web server. 

The XAMPP server software provides an appropriate platform for testing MYSQL, PHP, Apache, and Perl projects on a local computer. This strategy can sometimes assist you in avoiding troubles on your live website.

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