Home » NFT (Non-Fungible Token): A Beginner’s Guide

NFT (Non-Fungible Token): A Beginner’s Guide8 min read

by TechABU
NFT non-fungible token

NFTs (non-fungible tokens) are digital assets that can be used to verify ownership of a store of value.

This might be something intangible, such as a virtual drawing, or something tangible, like real estate or fine art.

These days, non-fungible tokens (NFTs) appear to be everywhere.

These digital assets, which range from art and music to tacos and toilet paper, are selling like 17th-century exotic Dutch tulips, with some commanding millions of dollars.

NFTs are now dominating the world of digital art and collectibles.

NFTs are being marketed as the digital answer to collectibles, much as Bitcoin was marketed as the digital answer to currencies.

As a result of the large sales to a new crypto audience, digital artists see their livelihoods change.

Are NFTs, on the other hand, worth the money—or the hype?

You’ve come to the right website if you’re curious about NFTs and want to learn more about them.

Let’s have a look and see what’s all the buzz about!

NFT Definition and What Does It Stand For?

Non-Fungible Token.

NFT stands for

Although we go through the basics of how NFTs work in depth later in this article, the main takeaway are as follows:

  • Non-fungible tokens are digital representations of cryptocurrency assets.
  • Unlike Bitcoin, which is fungible, each NFT token is different from the one before it.
  • This enables the tokenization of both tangible and non-tangible assets.
  • In contrast, fungible tokens, which are similar to currency, are not fungible.
  • After all, in terms of its capacity to be utilized as a medium of trade, one $10 note is the same as another $10 bill.

Eventually, the main concept behind NFTs is that you may invest in something valuable without possessing or holding it physically.

As a result, buying and selling NFTs on the open market is a breeze.

NFT Explained:

NFTs are similar to existing digital currencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Dogecoin in many aspects.

This is the case because NFTs are represented as digital assets and work on top of a blockchain network.

This makes it possible to send NFTs from one wallet to another quickly, securely, and low-costly.

NFTs are transparently verifiable since they are constructed on top of a blockchain network.

NFTs, on the other hand, are distinguished from the aforementioned digital currencies by the fact that each token is identified by a unique transaction hash.

In simple words, this indicates that no two NFTs are the same.

As a result, NFTs are ideal for storing value in the actual world.

Cryptocurrencies, on the other hand, such as Bitcoin, are fungible, which means that if you trade one BTC for another, nothing much changes.

To put it another way, you still have 1 BTC in your wallet.

Non-fungible tokens, on the other hand, have no association with any other circulating digital assets, which is why they’re called non-fungible.

How Does an NFT Work?

NFTs are stored on a blockchain, a decentralized public ledger that keeps track of transactions.

Most people are familiar with blockchain as the underlying technology that allows cryptocurrencies to exist.

NFTs are most often kept on the Ethereum blockchain, although they can also be stored on other blockchains.

An NFT is made up of digital objects that reflect both tangible and intangible things, such as:

  • Virtual avatars and video game skins
  • Designer sneakers
  • Music
  • GIFs
  • Graphic art
  • Collectibles
  • Videos and sports highlights

Even tweets are taken into account. Jack Dorsey, a co-founder of Twitter, sold his first tweet as an NFT for more than $2.9 million.

NFTs are essentially digital versions of tangible collector’s items.

As a result, the customer receives a digital file rather than receiving an actual oil painting to put on the wall.

They also obtain exclusive rights to the property.

NFTs can only have one owner at a time, and their use of blockchain technology makes validating ownership and transferring tokens between owners simple.

In the metadata of an NFT, the creator can additionally store special information. Artists, for example, can sign their work by putting their signatures in the file.

What Is the Purpose of NFTs?

Artists and content creators have a one-of-a-kind opportunity to monetize their work thanks to blockchain technology and NFTs.

Artists, for example, no longer have to sell their work through galleries or auction houses.

Instead, the artist can sell it as an NFT straight to the consumer, allowing them to keep a more significant portion of the profit.

Additionally, artists can integrate royalties into their software to get a share of revenues when their work is sold to a new owner.

This is a desirable feature because most artists do not receive further profits after their first sale.

Making money using NFTs isn’t limited to art.

Companies like Charmin and Taco Bell have auctioned off themed NFT paintings to raise money for charity.

Charmin’s offering was dubbed “NFTP” (non-fungible toilet paper), and Taco Bell’s NFT art sold out immediately, with the highest bids coming in at 1.5 encased ether (WETH)—equal to $3,723.83 just at the time of writing.

In February, Nyan Cat, a 2011 GIF depicting a cat with a pop-tart body, sold for over $600,000.

As of late March, NBA Top Shot had grossed more than $500 million in sales. NFT sold for more than $200,000 for a single LeBron James highlight.

Snoop Dogg and Lindsay Lohan are among the celebrities who have gotten on the NFT bandwagon, sharing unique experiences, artwork, and moments as collateralized NFTs.

What Is the Difference Between an NFT and Cryptocurrency?

NFT is created in the same way as cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum are, but that’s where the similarities end.

Cryptocurrencies and physical money are both “fungible,” meaning they can be exchanged or traded for one another.

They’re also worth the same amount of money—one dollar is always worth another dollar and one Bitcoin is always worth another Bitcoin.

The fungibility of cryptocurrency gives it a secure way to execute blockchain transactions.

NFTs aren’t like other technologies.

Each contains a digital signature that prevents NFTs from being substituted for or compared to one another (hence, non-fungible).

Simply though they’re both NFTs, one NBA Top Shot clip isn’t the same as every day.

(For that matter, one NBA Top Shot video isn’t necessarily comparable to another NBA Top Shot clip.)

Fungible vs. Non-Fungible


The physical $ and coins we use to make transactions on a daily basis are fungible.


Let’s say you have a $20 bill and need to buy anything from a vending machine that only accepts $1 notes.

As a result, you request that your $20 note be exchanged for smaller denominations.

You are then given a $10 bill, a $5 bill, and five $1 bills.

In the end, despite the fact that you now have different notes than your initial $20 bill, the worth of your money has not changed.

This is due to the fact that you still have $20 in your pocket.

As discussed in the example above, cold-cash cash is a fungible asset class.

This is also true for almost all of the cryptocurrencies in use today.


NFTs, on the other hand, are non-fungible asset classes, as we’ve demonstrated.

Because each NFT is unique, you can’t swap one for another and expect the value to remain the same.


Suppose a painter develops a new physical artwork.

The artist then decides to create an NFT, which represents the painting’s worth.

This implies that the NFT is unique to each artwork and cannot be reproduced or duplicated.

This is due to the fact that each NFT may be re-verified for validity using a unique transaction hash.

Naturally, and as we’ll see in more detail later, NFTs can represent almost anything with perceived worth.

Whether it’s a virtual artwork, a house, a vehicle, or a sporting event, NFTs allow you to store ownership digitally.

Blockchain Protocol 

A blockchain protocol is used to hold all of the strongest NFT tokens.

Many NFT designers have chosen the Ethereum blockchain to date because it accepts ERC-721 tokens.

Because each ERC-721 token is distinct from the next, this subset of the Ethereum blockchain is excellent for NFTs.

However, numerous other blockchain networks, such as the Binance Smart Chain, have recently begun to enable NFTs.

Many say that the latter is better for purchasing and selling the best NFTs tokens due to the significant transaction costs associated with Ethereum.

NFT Minting 

When hunting for the ideal NFT tokens to purchase, the term ‘minting’ will come up frequently.

In its most basic form, Minting is the process of producing a new NFT token that does not currently exist.

This implies that when you purchase NFT tokens, you’re buying a digital asset that someone else has already created.

Importantly, if you have a one-of-a-kind item that you’d like to symbolize with a one-of-a-kind crypto asset, NFT minting is definitely worth investigating further.

For example,

  • You may have done groundbreaking research on your own and want to keep your discoveries private.
  • Minting an NFT on top of a blockchain network like Ethereum or the Binance Smart Chain is a simple way to achieve this.
  • Your NFT verifies beyond a possible suspicion that you are the rightful owner of the research in this way.

And, once your NFT is minted – which can take as little as minutes – it can be exchanged on the open market.

Indeed, you could even mint the NFT token and get royalties from each sale made by third parties.

Fractional NFTs 

Standard cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum can be divided into smaller units, ensuring that you don’t have to buy the entire token to participate in the market.

For example, if Bitcoin is priced at $30,000 per token and you invest $300, you will own 1% of one BTC.

Many people are now unaware that NFTs may also be used to divide digital tokens into small units.

It permits numerous individuals to possess something valuable, which is one of its best features.

  • Consider a $1 million property represented by an NFT as an example.
  • You are the only owner of the property and, as a result, of the associated NFT token.
  • You decide to break the NFT in ten ways to release some equity on the real estate.
  • You opt to keep 6 NFTs (60%) and sell the remaining 4 NFTs on the open market.

If the arrangement is backed by appropriate contract law, those who purchase each NFT will own a share of the property.

How to Buy NFTs?

If you’re interested in starting your own NFT collections, you’ll need the following things:

  • To begin, you’ll need a digital wallet that can hold both NFTs and cryptocurrencies. 
  • Depending on what currencies your NFT provider takes, you’ll probably need to buy some cryptocurrency, such as Ether.
  • Coinbase, Kraken, eToro, and even PayPal and Robinhood allow you to buy cryptocurrency using a credit card.
  • After that, you’ll be able to transfer it from the exchange to your preferred wallet.

When researching your choices, keep fees in mind.

Most exchanges charge at least a portion of your transaction when you purchase crypto.

Popular NFT Marketplaces

NFT (Non-Fungible Token) Marketplaces

There are many NFT sites to choose from once you’ve set up and funded your wallet. The following are the major NFT marketplaces at the moment:

  1. OpenSea.io: This peer-to-peer marketplace claims to sell “rare digital products and collectibles.” To get started, simply create an account and browse the NFT collections. You may also sort items by how much they sold to find new artists.
  2. Rarible: Rarible is a democratic, open marketplace that lets artists and creators to issue and sell NFTs, similar to OpenSea. The platform’s RARI tokens allow members to select features such as fees and community regulations.
  3. Foundation: To upload their work, artists must get “upvotes” or an invitation from other creators. Because of the community’s exclusivity and high admission cost—artists must also acquire “gas” to mint NFTs—it is likely to attract higher-quality work. For example, Chris Torres, the developer of Nyan Cat, sold the NFT on the Foundation platform. It might also imply higher pricing, which isn’t necessarily bad for artists and collectors looking to profit if demand for NFTs stays the same or even rises over time.

Although these and other sites host hundreds of NFT artists and collectors, do your study before purchasing.

Some artists have been scammed by impersonators who have listed and sold their work without their permission.

Furthermore, the verification methods for creators and NFT listings vary by platform, with some being more strict than others.

For NFT postings, OpenSea and Rarible, for example, do not need owner verification.

Buyer protections appear to be limited at best. Therefore it’s wise to remember the ancient adage “caveat emptor” (let the buyer beware) while buying NFTs.


You now know all there is to know about what an NFT is, how it works, what it’s used for, and how to get one.

Do you have any questions that you’d want to ask us? Please leave your questions in the comments section of this post, and one of our experts will respond as soon as possible.

Leave a Comment


Send this to a friend